Saturday, 16 February 2013

English Learning Online: Vocabulary: Word of The Day 16 February 2013

English Learning Online: Vocabulary: Word of The Day 16 February 2013

For this post, in Vocabulary section, I would like to continue sharing with you latest words of the day as following...

lagan \LAG-uhn\, noun:

Anything sunk in the sea, but attached to a buoy or the like so that it may be recovered.

axial \AK-see-uhl\, adjective:

1. Situated in or on the line about which a rotating body turns.
2. Of, pertaining to, characterized by, or forming an axis: an axial relationship.

buttress \BUH-tris\, verb:

1. To give encouragement or support to (a person, plan, etc.).
2. To support by a buttress; prop up.

1. Any external prop or support built to steady a structure by opposing its outward thrusts, especially a projecting support built into or against the outside of a masonry wall.
2. Any prop or support.
3. A thing shaped like a buttress, as a tree trunk with a widening base.
4. A bony or horny protuberance, especially on a horse's hoof.

whinge \hwinj\, verb:

To complain; whine.

echolalia \ek-oh-LEY-lee-uh\, noun:

1. The imitation by a baby of the vocal sounds produced by others, occurring as a natural phase of childhood development.
2. Psychiatry. The uncontrollable and immediate repetition of words spoken by another person.

counterblast \koun-ter-blast\, noun:

An unrestrained and vigorously powerful response to an attacking statement.

decathect \dee-kuh-THEKT\, verb:

To withdraw one's feelings of attachment from (a person, idea, or object), as in anticipation of a future loss: He decathected from her in order to cope with her impending death.

algid \AL-jid\, adjective:

Cold; chilly.

douce \doos\, adjective:

Sedate; modest; quiet.

glissade \gli-SAHD\, verb:

1. To perform a glissade, a sliding or gliding step.

1. A skillful glide over snow or ice in descending a mountain, as on skis or a toboggan.
2. Dance. A sliding or gliding step.

tidings \TAHY-dingz\, noun:

News, information, or intelligence: sad tidings.

avidity \uh-VID-i-tee\, noun:

1. Enthusiasm or dedication.
2. Eagerness; greediness.

antepenultimate \an-tee-pi-NUHL-tuh-mit\, adjective:

1. Third from the end.
2. Of or pertaining to an antepenult.

1. An antepenult.

stridulous \STRIJ-uh-luhs\, adjective:

1. Also, strid·u·lant. Making or having a harsh or grating sound.
2. Pathology. Pertaining to or characterized by stridor.

anthropogenic \an-thruh-puh-JEN-ik\, adjective:

Caused or produced by humans: anthropogenic air pollution.

fastigiate \fa-STIJ-ee-it\, adjective:

1. Rising to a pointed top.
2. Zoology. Joined together in a tapering adhering group.
3. Botany. A. Erect and parallel, as branches. B. Having such branches.

compotation \kom-puh-TEY-shuhn\, noun:

An act or instance of drinking or tippling together.

exordium \ig-ZAWR-dee-uhm\, noun:

1. The beginning of anything.
2. The introductory part of an oration, treatise, etc.

advert \ad-VURT\, verb:

1. To remark or comment; refer (usually followed by to): He adverted briefly to the news of the day.
2. To turn the attention (usually followed by to): The committee adverted to the business at hand.

violescent \vahy-uh-LES-uhnt\, adjective:

Tending to a violet color: a violescent twilight sky.

couthie \KOO-thee\, adjective:

Agreeable; genial; kindly.

aumildar \aw-mil-DAHR\, noun:

1. A manager or agent.
2. A collector of revenue.

birl \burl\, verb:

1. To spin or cause to rotate.
2. Chiefly Northern U.S. Lumbering. To cause (a floating log) to rotate rapidly by treading upon it.
3. British. A. To move or rotate rapidly. B. Informal. To spend money freely. C. Informal. To gamble.

1. British Informal. An attempt; a gamble.

pseudonymous \soo-DON-uh-muhs\, adjective:

1. Bearing a false or fictitious name.
2. Writing or written under a fictitious name.

pseudomorph \SOO-duh-mawrf\, noun:

1. An irregular or unclassifiable form.
2. A mineral having the outward appearance of another mineral that it has replaced by chemical action.

pseudology \soo-DOL-uh-jee\, noun:

Lying considered as an art.

pseudoclassic \soo-doh-KLAS-ik\, adjective:

1. Falsely or spuriously classic.
2. Imitating the classic: the pseudoclassic style of some modern authors.

pseudepigraphy \soo-duh-PIG-ruh-fee\, noun:

The false ascription of a piece of writing to an author.

filch \filch\, verb:

To steal (especially something of small value); pilfer: to filch ashtrays from fancy restaurants.

eurhythmic \yoo-RITH-mik\, adjective:

1. Characterized by a pleasing rhythm; harmoniously ordered or proportioned.
2. Of or pertaining to eurhythmics.

also-ran \AWL-soh-ran\, noun:

1. Informal. A person who loses a contest, election, or other competition.
2. Sports. A. (In a race) a contestant who fails to win or to place among the first three finishers. B. An athlete or team whose performance in competition is rarely, if ever, a winning or near-winning one.
3. Informal. A person who attains little or no success: For every great artist there are a thousand also-rans.

vertex \VUR-teks\, noun:

1. The highest point of something; apex; summit; top: the vertex of a mountain.
2. Anatomy, Zoology. The crown or top of the head.
3. Craniometry. The highest point on the midsagittal plane of the skull or head viewed from the left side when the skull or head is in the Frankfurt horizontal.
4. Astronomy. A point in the celestial sphere toward which or from which the common motion of a group of stars is directed.
5. Geometry. A. The point farthest from the base: the vertex of a cone or of a pyramid. B. A point in a geometrical solid common to three or more sides. C. The intersection of two sides of a plane figure.

preconcert \pree-kuhn-SURT\, verb:

1. To arrange in advance or beforehand, as by a previous agreement.

1. Preceding a concert: a preconcert reception for sponsors.

hypnopompic \hip-nuh-POM-pik\, adjective:

Of or pertaining to the semiconscious state prior to complete wakefulness.

Camelot \KAM-uh-lot\, noun:

1. Any idyllic place or period, especially one of great happiness.
2. The legendary site of King Arthur's palace and court, possibly near Exeter, England.
3. The glamorous ambience of Washington, D.C., during the administration of President John F. Kennedy, 1961–63.

shindy \SHIN-dee\, noun:

1. A row; rumpus.
2. A shindig.

jubilarian \joo-buh-LAIR-ee-uhn\, noun:

A person who celebrates or has celebrated a jubilee, as a nun observing 25 or more years of religious life.

allocution \al-uh-KYOO-shuhn\, noun:

1. A formal speech, especially one of an incontrovertible or hortatory nature.
2. A pronouncement delivered by the pope to a secret consistory, especially on a matter of policy or of general importance.

gorgonize \GAWR-guh-nahyz\, verb:

To affect as a Gorgon; hypnotize; petrify.

en r├Ęgle \ahn RE-gluh\, adjective:

In order; according to the rules; correct.

kibitzer \KIB-it-ser\, noun:

1. A giver of uninvited or unwanted advice.
2. A spectator at a card game who looks at the players' cards over their shoulders, especially one who gives unsolicited advice.
3. A person who jokes, chitchats, or makes wisecracks, especially while others are trying to work or to discuss something seriously.

brabble \BRAB-uhl\, verb:

1. To argue stubbornly about trifles; wrangle.

1. Noisy, quarrelsome chatter.

antipathetic \an-ti-puh-THET-ik\, adjective:

1. Opposed, averse, or contrary; having or showing antipathy: They were antipathetic to many of the proposed changes .
2. Causing or likely to cause antipathy: The new management was antipathetic to all of us.

intemerate \in-TEM-er-it\, adjective:

Inviolate; undefiled; unsullied; pure.

word-hoard \WURD-hawrd\, noun:

A person's vocabulary.

wellaway \WEL-uh-WEY\, interjection:

(Used to express sorrow.)

plotz \plots\, verb:

To collapse or faint, as from surprise, excitement, or exhaustion.

jackanapes \JAK-uh-neyps\, noun:

1. An impertinent, presumptuous person, especially a young man; whippersnapper.
2. An impudent, mischievous child.
3. Archaic. An ape or monkey.

atavistic \at-uh-VIS-tik\, adjective:

of, pertaining to, or characterized by atavism; reverting to or suggesting the characteristics of a remote ancestor or primitive type.

boustrophedon \boo-struh-FEED-n\, noun:

an ancient method of writing in which the lines run alternately from right to left and from left to right.

counterfactual \koun-ter-FAK-choo-uhl\, noun:

a conditional statement the first clause of which expresses something contrary to fact, as “If I had known.”

dyslogistic \dis-luh-JIS-tik\, adjective:

conveying disapproval or censure; not complimentary or eulogistic.

epexegesis \ep-ek-si-JEE-sis\, noun:

1. the addition of a word or words to explain a preceding word or sentence.
2. the word or words so added.

feuilleton \FOI-i-tn\, noun:

1. a part of a European newspaper devoted to light literature, fiction, criticism, etc.
2. an item printed in the feuilleton.

gastronomy \ga-STRON-uh-mee\, noun:

1. the art or science of good eating.
2. a style of cooking or eating.

hent \hent\, verb:

to seize.

irrefrangible \ir-i-FRAN-juh-buhl\, adjective:

1. not to be broken or violated; inviolable: an irrefrangible rule of etiquette.
2. incapable of being refracted.

Jacobin \JAK-uh-bin\, noun:

1. an extreme radical, especially in politics.
2. (in the French Revolution) a member of a radical society or club of revolutionaries that promoted the Reign of Terror and other extreme measures, active chiefly from 1789 to 1794: so called from the Dominican convent in Paris, where they originally met.
3. a Dominican friar.
4. (lowercase) one of a fancy breed of domestic pigeons having neck feathers that hang over the head like a hood.

kinchin \kin-chin\, noun:

a child.

lollapalooza \lol-uh-puh-LOO-zuh\, noun:

an extraordinary or unusual thing, person, or event; an exceptional example or instance.

mainour \MEY-ner\, noun:

a stolen article found on the person of or near the thief: to be taken with the mainour.

nuque \nook\, noun:

the back of the neck.

obnubilate \ob-NOO-buh-leyt\, verb:

to cloud over; becloud; obscure.

For Example:

- buttress (v):

1. To give encouragement or support to (a person, plan, etc.).
2. To support by a buttress; prop up.

Eg: I don't want to buttress my boss, because he's not a good one.

whinge \hwinj\, verb:

To complain; whine.

Eg: My son always whinges when he's hungry.


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